It will not be surprising to learn that every person has faced such a disorder of the body as food poisoning. Doctors attribute to it several diseases – salmonellosis, dysentery, and yersiniosis.
An important feature of the occurrence of the disease: its cause is not just spoiled food, but a variety of microorganisms that have multiplied in food. Therefore, the age of a person does not matter at all, both a child (which is more likely) and an adult can get food poisoning.
Causes of food poisoning
As already mentioned, infection occurs through water and spoiled food. The direct cause of salmonellosis is microorganisms that have chosen eggs, meat, poorly washed vegetables, and greens as their habitat. The cause of dysentery is raw water, unboiled milk, unwashed fruits, and berries. Escherichiosis is a direct consequence of eating low-quality fermented milk products.
Well, the causative agents of yersiniosis are carried by rodents that may have touched fruits and vegetables.
The height of food poisoning is recorded in the summer. That’s when children get sick most often. If one child caught the disease, then very soon, mainly because of unwashed hands, others from his environment will also get sick.
The course of the disease
Symptoms of food poisoning: vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, tachycardia, low blood pressure, muscle cramps, and fainting. Due to diarrhea and vomiting, dehydration occurs.
The correct diagnosis can only be made by a qualified specialist. Further, depending on the diagnosis, the treatment of food poisoning will also be prescribed. But how can I help a child before visiting a doctor?
- To restore fluid and salt, you need to drink 1 tsp or 1 tbsp
of glucose-salt solution “Rehydron”, a 5% glucose solution, compote, tea, and juice will help.
- In case of diarrhea, energy sorbents are used.
- If a baby is sick, the food must be suspended and only boiled water should be given. If the child is on artificial feeding, then it is recommended not to feed him for 8-12 hours, and then give a fermented milk mixture with the addition of rice broth.
The doctor, after drawing up the clinical picture, depending on the age and condition of the child, may prescribe antibiotics. A gentle diet is of great importance. For example, sour cream, rice porridge in water, soups and mashed potatoes without animal products, and crackers.
To avoid such a “headache” as the treatment of food poisoning, it is necessary to adhere to hygiene rules, use only boiled water, and store cooked food in the refrigerator. Periodically conduct conversations with children on this topic. All this contributes to the preservation and promotion of health.
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