Allergy on the face is the most unpleasant phenomenon among all the others associated with hypersensitivity. A person’s face is extremely important for a person since in modern society the opinion about you is formed by appearance, first of all. When your appearance is spoiled by skin defects, you start to feel shy, and afraid to leave the house.
Pimples and spots can remain on the skin for weeks. So what happens, if the patient will have to stay at home all this time? No, thankfully. After reading the article, you will find out why allergic rashes choose the exposed areas of the body and what will help to say goodbye to them as quickly as possible.
Why does the face suffer?
Skin defects appear not only in visible areas, but also on others, and in general throughout the body. But there are cases when the rash on the face appears more than in other areas. Why? The reason is the type of contact with the allergen. Irritants attack a person in various ways: they enter the intestines with food irritants (seafood, chocolate, exotic fruits/vegetables); they are inhaled through the nose and mouth (pollen, for example); they get into the eyes (fluff, six animals, etc.); they are applied with cosmetics, creams, ointments.
There are also non-standard intolerances, for example, a reaction to the sun. Because of it, the skin becomes covered with red spots and begins to itch, and ache. If the irritant came into contact with the skin, which provoked a reaction, then most of the rashes will occur on those parts of the body that were exposed to contact. Therefore, if the irritant is applied to the epidermis, then skin defects will appear on it in abundance.
In addition, the cause of the rash on the face is the tenderness of the local skin. Especially tender and susceptible is the epidermis in newborns. That is why infant reactions often manifest themselves in the form of diathesis (rashes on the cheeks). Another reason is the intestines, or rather their incorrect operation. Food intolerance is always accompanied by intestinal disorders, and he, in turn, always makes himself felt by a rash on the skin (mainly on the face).
Types of a skin defects
On the skin prone to allergies, there may appear: blisters – swelling with fluid inside; urticaria; red spots of various sizes/shapes; small pimples; flaky areas. At the same time, the affected epidermis will itch a lot and possibly hurt. Many complain that their face swells. This reaction is called “Quincke’s edema”.
At the same time, the lips, tissues around the mouth, tongue, eyelids, mucous membranes in the mouth, and throat swell. This is a severe allergic reaction that requires urgent medical intervention. If you notice a person with the above symptoms, then urgently call an ambulance. Knowing how contact with an irritant can turn out, you will try to avoid it. But it is not always possible to do this.
What should I do if you or your child have skin defects on your face? Of course, to treat, and not only the affected epidermis, but also the body as a whole.
Folk and professional treatment
Acute manifestations of intolerance to something can be eliminated with modern antihistamines. They are divided into three types:
- Injections are the fastest way to relieve swelling of tissues and prevent complications in the form of anaphylactic shock;
- Oral medications tablets and suspensions (the latter are used to treat allergic attacks in infants) that affect H1 receptors that capture histamine, which causes an attack;
- Creams and ointments are local medicines that heal rashes, relieve itching, and soothe the skin.
The most popular antihistamines due to their high effectiveness are:
- Fenistil is perfect for babies, as it does not contain hormones;
- Allertek is a highly effective drug, but it should be used with caution for pregnant and breastfeeding women;
- Diphenhydramine relieves serious allergy symptoms;
- Zyrtec and Zodak – are oral medications that affect H1 receptors;
- Suprastin is an effective and at the same time safe remedy;
- Tavegil is a popular drug for children from three years old.
And here is a list of ointments with antipruritic and wound healing actions:
- Elidel – non-hormonal ointment;
- Advantan is available in various forms, and has a powerful antipruritic effect;
- Sinai produces an additional antihistamine effect, and relieves itching;
- Prednisone is a popular analog of the above-mentioned medication.
If your hypersensitivity is seasonal (occurs annually in a certain season), then hyposensitization – therapy of gradual habituation to the stimulus will help you. In addition, folk remedies will help to overcome rashes:
- Boric acid – a teaspoon per glass of water, wipe each defect with the resulting solution daily. In five to seven days, all rashes should disappear. In parallel with this, it is recommended to drink antihistamine tablets.
- Chamomile decoction or sage decoction – you can simply wash with self-prepared decoctions several times a day, or wipe the affected skin three times a day. The main thing is to clarify before using such a remedy whether there is a reaction to the above herbs.
- Ice helps to relieve itching and redness very quickly. Unfortunately, the effect does not last long. An ice cube should be applied to an itchy skin defect and held for about a minute.
We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!
Let us improve this post!
Tell us how we can improve this post?